Understanding What is Psoriatic Arthritis

People often wonder what is psoriatic arthritis. Simply put, psoriatic arthritis is a common condition where a person has both arthritis and psoriasis.

Such a patient has the painful joint inflammation of arthritis in addition to the patches of red, raised, scaly skin associated with psoriasis.

What is Psoriatic Arthritis: Who & When?

Psoriatic arthritis affects approximately 10% of the patients with psoriasis. For patients with severe psoriasis, the likelihood of developing psoriatic arthritis is higher.

Psoriatic arthritis is most common in Caucasian people, and men and women are affected equally. While it can develop at any age, it typically appears between the ages of 35-55.

Psoriasis typically manifests itself first, often for years before joint inflammation begins.

The Symptoms

Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects several major body systems.

  • Psoriasis – skin inflammation that appears red, scaly, and raised in patches over the body
  • Psoriasis occurring in one or any of the following areas: o Scalp o Naval area o Tips of elbows and knees o Genital area or anus
  • Inflammation of the joints
  • Inflammation of the spine
  • Inflammation of body tissues other than the skin – eyes, heart, mouth, and various organs such as lungs or kidneys
  • Patches may be more or less visible and severe, but pain associated with inflammation is distinct and debilitating.

What is Psoriatic Arthritis: Manifestations

There are several patterns of psoriatic arthritis including:

  • Assymetrical oligoarticular arthritis – joint inflammation occurs asymmetrical on either side of the body
  • Symmetrical polyarthritis – joint inflammation is symmetrical in locations on both sides of the body
  • Distal interphalangeal arthropathy – arthritis associated only with the joints in your fingers and toes
  • Arthritis mutilans – a chronic form of psoriatic arthritis that results in significant joint damage and visible deformities (particularly hands and feet)
  • Spondylitis – inflammation of the spine
  • Juvenile psoriatic arthritis – psoriatic arthritis affecting children, notably arthritis occurs first in more than half of children affected by psoriatic arthritis

If you have looked at “What is Psoriatic Arthritis” and its various elements and are in need of alternative treatments, know that they do exist, and there is relief for your symptoms.

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